Newark Library Blog


SAT Words of the Day by maryjane16
Tuesday, November 10, 2009, 4:07 pm
Filed under: teen | Tags: , , , ,

Abstinence

Pronunciation: \ˈab-stə-nən(t)s\
Function: noun
Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French, from Latin abstinentia, from abstinent-, abstinens, present participle of abstinēre
Date: 14th century

1 : voluntary forbearance especially from indulgence of an appetite or craving or from eating some foods
2 a : habitual abstaining from intoxicating beverages b : abstention from sexual intercourse

ab·sti·nent  \-nənt\ adjective

ab·sti·nent·ly adverb

He abstained from eating meat when he became a vegetarian.

Abstract

Pronunciation: \ab-ˈstrakt, ˈab-ˌ\
Function: adjective
Etymology: Medieval Latin abstractus, from Latin, past participle of abstrahere to drag away, from abs-, ab- + trahere to pull, draw
Date: 14th century

1 a : disassociated from any specific instance <an abstract entity> b : difficult to understand : abstruse <abstract problems> c : insufficiently factual : formal <possessed only an abstract right>
2 : expressing a quality apart from an object <the word poem is concrete, poetry is abstract>
3 a : dealing with a subject in its abstract aspects : theoretical <abstract science> b : impersonal, detached <the abstract compassion of a surgeon — Time>
4 : having only intrinsic form with little or no attempt at pictorial representation or narrative content <abstract painting>

ab·stract·ly  \ab-ˈstrak(t)-lē, ˈab-ˌ\ adverb

ab·stract·ness  \ab-ˈstrak(t)-nəs, ˈab-ˌ\ noun

Kandinsky and Mondrian were two of the early abstract artists.

(Definitions taken from Merriam-Webster online dictionary:  http://www.merriam-webster.com/)

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